Tyresta – a national park on the edge of the city
Only 20 kilometres from the centre of Stockholm lies one of the most unspoilt areas of natural beauty in central Sweden – Tyresta National Park and Nature Reserve. The area is characterised by a rift valley landscape which is typical for central Sweden but unique in an international perspective.
» Read more about Tyresta national park (pdf, 0.9 MB).
The park extends over almost 5,000 hectares. It has been protected to preserve its exceptional natural values and to safeguard its importance for recreation. You can find primeval forest here with pine trees that are 400 years old, clear forest lakes and a large number of unusual plants and animals. You can also see broad-leaved deciduous woodland, open arable land and historical buildings of cultural interest.
A typical feature of primeval woodland is the great number of plant and animal species. Up to 8.000 species of animals can be found here which is four times as many as in exploited forests! Many species are also completely dependent on primeval woodland for their habitats, indeed for their very survival!
In August 1999, around 4.5 square kilometres of forest or ten per cent of the national park and nature reserve burnt down. It was over one and a half weeks before fire fighters brought the fire under control and it was even longer before it was completely extinguished. The fire in Tyresta National Park is a tragedy in many respects. At the same time, fires are a natural part of the change process in primeval forests and far from disastrous from an ecological point of view. Fire creates the conditions for the natural regeneration of the forest.
The main entrance to the national park is at Tyresta village, which is considered to be among the best preserved villages in the Stockholm region and has been inhabited since the iron age. The buildings date back to the 18th century and have been preserved in their original state. There is a café, a farm with a rather unusual animal centre, and a little farm shop.
Naturum – Your doorway to nature
Tyresta national park’s information center “naturum” is situated in Tyresta village. Here you can learn most of what there is to know about Tyresta national park, like the cultural heritage of Tyresta, geology, birds, insects and other animals. The staff can also give you advice on our different trails, camp sites and regulations of the park.
If you would like to learn more about other national parks in Sweden we recommend a visit to our exhibition and slide shows. An audio guide in English and German takes you on a journey through the Swedish nature from the south to the north. The slide shows about Sweden’s national parks are available in English and German. Everything is for free!
Every Saturday and Sunday at 10.00 am. (We always await those arriving by bus, so the tour may be slightly delayed). The tour is given also in Swedish if needed.
The walk starts at naturum (Visitors’ Centre) and will take you from the old village to the virgin forest.
The tour is a good introduction to the history of Tyresta and the unique nature in the national park.
After the walk you can continue on your own. The guide will be happy to provide tips on what to see and do.
Duration: 45 minutes
No pre-notification is required
Price 40 SEK
- Guided tour of Naturum: 1 hour tour, including a presentation of the exhibition and slide show of Sweden´s national parks. 60 SEK/person.
- Guided tour of Tyresta national park “Life and death in a virgin forest”: 2 hours. 1 272 SEK
Regulations for the Tyresta Area
The regulations, telling you what you may and may not do within the protected areas can be found here.
Trails and footpaths
By means of the 55 kilometres of marked, colour-coded trails and footpaths running through Tyresta National Park and the adjoining Nature Reserve, visitors may experience the extensive ancient forest, the lakes with their impressive shoreline cliffs, or stroll all the way to the Baltic Sea. The paths which were partially destroyed by fire in 1999 run between Tyresta village and Åva, between northern Årsjö lake and Stensjö lake, and around Stensjö lake. They have now been fully restored.
One of the hiking routes, the Primeval Forest Trail (Urskogsstigen), provides the perfect introduction to Tyresta National Park. It is 2.5 kilometers long and along the route there are boards with information, some of which is designed for children.
Camping in the national park is allowed at the camp fire sites, one night at a time. Fire wood is available at the sites and free to use for cooking. Camping is free of charge and It is not possible to book or make reservations for the camp sites. Please note that in summertime, fire may be prohibited because of dry conditions. Please call our fire risk information number: +46 8 741 00 10.
The water of the lakes is possible to drink after cooking it. Fresh water is available in the village of Tyresta by and a water pump at Stensjödal (southern part of the national park).
B&B and youth hostels:
B&B Janssongården in Tyresta village: Katarina Warg +46 70 671 85 48
Lilla Tyresö, youth hostel at the northern side of the national park: www.lillatyreso.se.
Brandbergens youth hostel: http://brandbergensvandrarhem.se/
By bus, subway and train to Tyresta
Let the SL Journey Planner give you directions on how to travel to Tyresta national park and nature reserve with Stockholm Transport. The Journey Planner gives you the quickest and most convenient journey from your nearest station or bus stop.
To find out how to get to Tyresta village and the main entrance to the national park, just type the name of your nearest bus stop, underground/subway station or commuter train station in the “From”-box. In the “To”-box, you should type “Tyresta by”. The national park could also be reached via bus stop “Nyfors” at the northern part of the park or “Sandemar” which is located about 4.5 km south of the park.
By car to Tyresta
By car from Stockholm: exit south onto route 73, (signposted Nynäshamn). After about 15 km exit right to Haninge, then turn left at the first t-junction. Go straight on over the traffic lights. In the roundabout, take the first exit to Brandbergen. Then follow the signs ”Nationalpark” and you will end up in the big car park at the main entrance to Tyresta and Tyresta village.
GPS coordinates, Tyresta main entrance:
59° 10′ 12″ N , 18° 14′ 08″ O
Coordinates on Google Maps